Matting and Framing Animation Cels
A specialty adjunct to Matting and Framing 101
Written by Dave Bryant from notes compiled
by Baron Engel and Christina Smudge Hanson
Animation cels demand unusual precautions in matting and framing. Unlike most artwork, there are media on both sides of the substrate (ink on the front, paint on the back), and of all major media, cels are the most fugitive. An improperly stored or displayed cel may have a lifespan of less than ten years!
To prevent transfer of media, the cel must not touch either the glazing or the backing. A reverse-bevel back mat should be placed behind the cel to separate it from the backing. (The back mat and the front matting together are called a recto-verso mat.) The back mat may be a double (or greater) mat, if desired.
If a background sheet is provided with the cel, that sheet should be mounted to the back of the back mat with a conventional tape hinge, just as a normal piece of artwork would be mounted. Keep in mind that most matboard is acid-free on the side that is expected to touch artwork, but may not be acid-free on the other side. To protect the background sheet, choose a matboard for the back-mat that is acid-free on both the front and the back. The best available is four-ply museum board.
Figure 1. Cross-section of basic elements
Mounting the cel requires a more elaborate procedure than simple hinging. The best method is the edge-strip system. Fold in half, lengthwise, four long, half-inch wide strips of heavy paper and, with folds toward the outside, assemble them around the cel to form a stiffening framework. The cel should fit into this framework with a small amount of play—no more than an eighth of an inch.
Make each strip an inch or two longer than the cels side, and cut slits in the vertical strips at the fold to allow the horizontal strips to be slipped through. Mount this framework to the front of the back mat using strips of tape placed across each strip about one-eighth to one-fourth of an inch outside each corner. The framework should be hidden behind the matting and should not be visible.
Figure 2. Corner construction of edge-strip system
Normal framers tape isnt strong enough; linen tape or acid-free artists tape are better. The former, however, requires moistening and can be tricky to use. The latter seems to use different formulations of adhesive for different widths—one-inch-wide tape seems to work best.
If folding the strips proves difficult, use a burnisher or bone to achieve a smoother fold or use an Xacto knife to score (lightly!) the outside of the fold line. The best material for these strips is an acid-free or pH-neutral paper of card-stock weight—100- to 140-pound—such as two-ply Bristol board, Lenox paper, or Conventry rag.
Figure 3. Corners of edge-strip system, with mountings
A popular alternative is to use photograph corners to mount the cel. While this is faster and requires less effort, it provides no stiffness; the cel may begin to sag, warp, or buckle in short order. Since the difference in price for the materials is trivial, there is no reason not to take the time and trouble to make edge strips. After all, an animation cel often represents a significant investment, one well worth the effort to preserve properly. Ω
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